La Carlota City was once a successful settlement known as Mangcas, a noble negrito inhabitants who is known for being brave and a great a warrior living in the peaceful place along the Canman-ug Creek, because he was kind and respected by his people under his leadership, Mangcas name was also given to their children, and soon after, with so many Mangcas around, the settlement was known as such by the natives.The prosperous life of the natives was shattered upon the arrival of Spaniards, the conquerors came with modern weapons against the bows and arrows of the inhabitants that easily defeated them and became slaves, victims of tyranny and abuses. Some natives escape and some stayed to continue living in the village.But the agony of inhabitants ended years ago when the wife of Spanish Official Capitan Enrique came to place. Carlota was very kind and caring to the people especially to those who are sick and poor. She shows compassion and filled the emptiness that was left by their great leader Mangcas.

The settlement started as a barrio of San Enrique under Carlota’s husband and got its full status as a town during the last part of the Spanish era. To perpetuate her deeds, the natives named the pueblo after her. During that time, the Spaniards were used to preceding proper nouns with the appropriate article “La” so the place has been known as “La Carlota”.On June 19, 1965 by virtue of Republic Act No. 4585, the town of La Carlota was converted into a city. In 1967, the La Carlota City College was established, the only tertiary school operated by a Local Government Unit. From a scattered settlement, it became one of the major sugar producing cities of the country. Its importance as a growth center has likewise been notable in the Province of Negros Occidental.

Geography and Topography

La Carlota City is geographically located at the Southwestern portion of Negros Occidental.  It is bounded in the North of Bago City, the mountain ranges of Kanlaon Volcano in the East;   the town of La Castellana in the Southeast, the town of Pontevedra in the South and the town of San Enrique in the East.The city of La Carlota has a total land area of 13, 729 hectares where the big portion of this land was covered by agricultural area. The city was very accessible because of its concrete road that helps the economy of the city especially on the business sector.

The city is also experiencing same weather condition just other neighboring city in the region. The dry season that starts from the month of January until May, and the wet season that starts from the month of May to the first week of January.The First recorded population was 3,097 in 1903. The 1995 National Statistics Office survey has recorded a population of 56,414. The 1997 Population was 57,982 and in the year 2002, the population peaked at 62,094.  By then the Population Density was 4.5 person/hectare.  Of the 14 Barangays, Barangay II has the biggest population at 9,221 and Barangay Yubo had the smallest with 1,962.

About 96 percent of the people use the ilonngo language as the major medium of communication while 4 percent of the population uses other languages just like Tagalog, Cebuano, Aklanon, and Ilocanoa,also English language is generally understood and used by the people of La Carlota.